美国这所生物实验室为何关闭又重开?实验室安全管理的秘密是什么?-国内新闻-国内新闻

美国这所生物实验室为何关闭又重开?实验室安全管理的秘密是什么?-国内新闻-国内新闻
3月10日,名为B.Z.的网民在白宫示威网站“咱们公民(WE the PEOPLE)”建议一条示威贴,要求美国政府发布上一年7月封闭德特里克堡生物试验室的真实原因,以弄清该试验室是否是新冠病毒的研讨单位,以及是否存在病毒走漏问题。德特里克堡存在多项违规行为2019年8月,美国疾病操控与防备中心忽然命令暂时封闭德特里克堡的美国陆军流行症医学研讨所。据《纽约时报》报导,疾控中心指出,美国陆军流行症医学研讨所没有“完善的体系”来净化试验室的废水。Fort Detrick, in Maryland, has been the epicenter of the US Army's bioweapons research since the beginning of the Cold War.But last October the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) — the government's public health body — stripped the base of its license to handle highly restricted "select agents", which includes Ebola, smallpox and anthrax.报导称,暂停的试验室研讨中,触及某些已被政府认定为“对大众、动植物健康或动植物产品构成严重威胁”的毒素。此前,德特里克堡处理试验室废水的蒸汽消毒厂因暴风雨而损毁。随后,该基地运用了新的去污体系来替代蒸汽消毒厂。可是,疾控中心在2019年7月的查看中发现,陆军流行症医学研讨所没有履行新的消毒程序,新体系呈现了机械问题和走漏。The unusual move follows an inspection by the CDC at Fort Detrick which found several problems with new procedures used to decontaminate waste water. The procedures were not sufficient, with both mechanical failures causing leaks and researchers failing to properly follow the rules.2019年早些时候,美国陆军流行症医学研讨所报告了两起走漏事情。试验室体系未能履行生物安全和遏止程序,以充沛操控BSL-3和BSL-4试验室发生的选定试剂或毒素。此外,一些作业人员在处理生物危害性废物时没有佩带手套。试验室的建筑物外表没有彻底密封,天花板和生物安全柜都有裂缝。据“全球生物防护”(Global Biodefence)网站报导,在疾控中心最终一次实地查看之后,美国陆军流行症医学研讨所已于3月27日全面康复运转。历史上,美军曾挑选德特里克堡作为隐秘发起细菌战的地址。多年来,它一直是中情局隐秘的化学试验和精力操控试验基地。现在已解密的文件显现,德特里克堡在二战期间曾进行生化武器试验,还曾安排化学家小组“特种作战司”,为毒菌寻觅军事用处。最臭名远扬的则是在此发生的精力操控方案(MK-ULTRA方案),开发药剂进行精力摧残,用以炸毁人类知道。Most of the records in Detrick were destroyed in 1973. Some of its secrets have been revealed in declassified documents, through interviews and as a result of congressional investigations. Together, those sources reveal Detrick's central role in MK-ULTRA.生物试验室安全常识科普为了解更多生物试验室安全的问题,记者采访了闻名高校的免疫学教授王路,他十分耐心肠答复了以下问题:试验室应怎么保存和排放感染性资料?How to store infectious materials?试验室的感染性资料要运用专门的容器搜集,并放置在专门的区域,要通过无害化处理后,交到专门的感染性垃圾处理部分一致处理。Infectious materials from a lab are collected in specially designed containers and stored in a designated area, and later treated and then delivered to the specialized infectious waste disposal unit for processing.或许引起污染源走漏的缝隙有哪些?What are the possible loopholes that could cause a leakage in contaminant agents?相关作业人员训练不充沛或许疏忽大意,未严厉履行相关的规章制度或许操作规程;部分原因是容器或许设备老旧或许毛病,不能到达密闭或许无害化处理的条件。Leaks could be caused by staff who are undertrained or simply careless failing to adhere to proper procedures. Leaks might also be caused by the wear and tear or malfunctioning of containers or equipment. Faulty containers or equipment then do not seal properly or fail to meet the treatment requirements might discharge harmful materials into the environment.人为操作和硬件设备,哪方面更或许引起污染源走漏?Which factor would likely contribute more to a leak, human error or equipment malfunction?一般来说,人为的要素更多一些,特别是单个研讨机构中,很多运用未经严厉训练的研讨生和其他暂时聘任人员进行有感染危险的试验研讨,更简单呈现走漏和污染的问题。Generally speaking, there are more incidents caused by human error. Especially in certain science institutes, where studies and experiments of infectious risks are largely undertaken by graduate students and short-term employees, leakages and contaminations are common.作为相关从业人员,最需要注意的是什么?As a lab staff, what should one pay attention to most regarding safety?作为从业人员有必要严厉依照相关规则进行操作,绝不能心存侥幸,疏忽大意。操作时要注意查看相关设备的安全性和可靠性,不要怕麻烦。You should always follow the safety procedure instructions strictly, avoid carelessness at all costs. Always check the safety and integrity of hardware equipment before each operation.您在主编相关教程时,是怎么杰出安全理念的?You were one of the authors of a book on biolab experiment. Can you talk about the main idea you tried to get across in the book?我主编过的教程里有触及生物安全的内容。杰出的理念便是,安全重于全部,但凡触及生物技术试验,不管教育仍是研讨,首先要确保操作者、环境和大众的安全,要严厉依照安全规则操作,认真履行安全办理标准。I was one of the main authors of a book on biolab experiment. The idea I tried to get across is, safety is the number one priority. Any biotech experiment, no matter with the purpose of research or education, the number one priority is to ensure the safety of the operators, environment and public. Experiments should be carried out strictly according to the safety procedures and regulations.请您谈一谈科普的重要性Please tell us the importance of popular science科学常识的遍及十分重要,能够提高全社会的常识水平和文明程度,一起也有利于大众了解科学常识和知道了解科学问题,削减由于缺少科学常识形成的各种丢失。The popularization of science is of great importance. It raises the bar of knowledge and understanding for the whole society, helps the public learn knowledge and understand scientific problems, avoids all sorts of losses due to lack of basic understanding of science.2020-05-18 22:51:40:607美国这所生物试验室为何封闭又重开?试验室安全办理的隐秘是什么?14155国内新闻国内新闻http://news.shm.com.cn/2020-05/18/content_5138908.htmhttp://u.shm.com.cn/2020-05/18/content_5138908.html中国日报双语新闻1